New energy logistics vehicle development opportunities and traps are in the same

October 22, 2019

In recent years, many cities in the country have been caught in a "smog crisis." The culprit is the increase in pollution emissions, of which the exhaust gas generated by the combustion of gasoline and diesel has become the highest source of pollution in cities. In particular, the crude oil consumption in the cargo transportation industry is staggering. In 2014 alone, domestic oil consumption was 508 million tons while diesel consumption was 167 million tons. Therefore, the development of new energy freight is imperative.

On October 28-29, 2016, the “2016 National Freight Industry Annual Meeting” sponsored by the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing and the People’s Government of Jinan was held in Jinan City, Shandong Province. At the meeting, the status quo and development trend of logistics electrification were discussed. From May of this year, news about new energy trucks has emerged one after another. From Shunfeng to BYD, to the ground-based iron operation company in Shenzhen, and to 50 new energy logistics vehicles in Jingdong. This is undoubtedly an indication that the new energy truck market is very hot and has strong vitality.

Logistics electric market has a wide range of opportunities

1, low-cost continuous use

In order to strengthen promotion, while optimizing the performance of new energy trucks, price is also one of the important reference factors. On the one hand, it reduces the investment in hardware costs such as battery components, machine parts, and motor components. On the other hand, improve the internal management system of the company and increase the control over the purchase cost and logistics cost.

2, the special rights of way <br> <br> traditional fuel trucks are limited in time and area of the road, because the big problem of traffic-related emissions has brought and environment. However, after the use of electric vehicles, there is no problem of gradual emissions. This gave some special road rights to electric vehicle logistics, and vigorously promoted the construction of charging facilities to meet the charging requirements for electric vehicles in different fields and at different levels.

3, moderate subsidies <br> <br> In recent years, the state financial subsidy policy, the country also have given support subsidies. The subsidy standard for the promotion and application of pure electric vehicles and trucks: According to the battery capacity, the subsidy for each kilowatt-hour is 1,800 yuan, and the total subsidy per vehicle does not exceed 130,000 yuan. According to the driving range, the subsidies for pure electric buses range from 12-500,000 per vehicle.

There are pitfalls in the development of logistics electrification

1, listen forerunner of pain <br> <br> although strong support in terms of policy, but the path of development of electric vehicles is difficult logistics. As the pilot tester, Shenzhen Luzhou Electric Vehicle, after the actual operation, is very aware of the pain of Shenzhen logistics vehicle. First of all, the quality of all the core components of the main engine plant is not high, followed by the car itself is easy to water, the third is the main plant can not solve the problem of after-sales service.

2, electric logistics vehicles will repeat the bus crash?

There are many problems with the use of pure electric buses. The battery life is short, the use cost is high, its attenuation is the biggest pain point, the stability, the waterproof performance, the high temperature performance, the low temperature performance are all places where the problem is frequent, in addition its safety has been hanging on the energy automobile head. a sword. In 2015 alone, there were 7 accidents involving spontaneous combustion of pure electric buses in the country. The fire accident also sounded the alarm for the new energy freight industry.

3, scattered industry pattern
<br> <br> electric vehicles face of such a new thing, do not understand the characteristics of many depot batteries, coupled with unhealthy competition between each other, so only pay attention to price. But users are concerned about the quality and durability. On the one hand, there are deviations in the interests of both users and customers, resulting in conflict of interests. On the other hand, although there are more than 1,100 trucks in China, the pattern is scattered and the industry level is uneven.

How to choose the battery to maximize profits

Three kinds of power trains encapsulate the situation

Power battery system accounts for half of the cost of electric logistics vehicles, and its choice directly determines the quality of electric logistics vehicles. Therefore, we must choose batteries based on the common needs of users and customers, and strive for greater commercial interests. Let us understand from four aspects what are the common needs?

1, security

Safety means eliminating "unreasonable dangers", such as flooding of vehicles, explosion of fire, etc. To ensure the safety of the power battery system from the aspects of electrical safety, mechanical safety, chemical safety, and functional safety. At the same time ensure that the upper and lower lids of the electric box are sealed and the high and low pressure connectors are waterproof. The battery box itself is anti-corrosion, anti-rust and anti-corrosion.

2, durability

As the core component of the electric vehicle, the power battery system adopts the V-mode developed by General Motors to develop a power lithium-ion battery system. Make sure that it can help trucks to run farther and start and climb to accelerate.

3, reliability

Use a preventive battery pack design. It is divided into conceptual design, preliminary design, detailed design, test verification and other stages, with dimensions optimization, thermal analysis, thermal run away and other steps. The fully automatic production line of the power battery pack helps ensure technical and quality consistency.

4, ease of use, service
<br> <br> logistics in order to expand universal access to electric vehicles, in addition to the above three points, it's easy to use, after-sales service have to keep up the pace of progress. CATL has created a professional and standardized customer service for this purpose, requiring that new vehicles report 100% free inspections, and use the principle of pre-acquisition and post-judgment for controversial faults to quickly restore vehicle operations. As of March 31, 2016, 103 service agents have been established and 73 cities have been covered. In 2016, 300 service agents will be achieved.

The rapid rise of e-commerce, electric vehicle logistics seems to be an inevitable trend in the development of the industry. Various localities have also introduced policies to promote the development of new energy logistics vehicles. But its obvious flaw in battery technology has left many consumers with a wait-and-see attitude. Only by fundamentally solving the problems of difficulty in charging, low operating efficiency, and weak endurance can we achieve real “cost reduction and efficiency increase” and usher in the spring of electric vehicle logistics.

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